- A Fistulogram (link to the JVC page listing this surgical procedure)
- An AV Graft- the sewing of the prosthetic graft between an artery and vein in your arm or leg. This is an option if the veins are too small for an AV fistula. AV grafts tend to close more quickly and are more prone to infection because they are not formed from natural tissue.
- Peritoneal dialysis—placement of a small tube, called a cannula, in your abdomen to allow the use of the lining of the abdomen (peritoneum) to filter your blood. It requires the removal of fluid through the tube.
When kidneys fail, your body is unable to clean and filter the blood. Electrolyte levels, like potassium and phosphorous, can become dangerously high.